Vannamei Shrimp Cultivators using Discharge Warm Water of 2 MW OTEC in Siberut, Sumatra Barat, Indonesia

  • J Koto Ocean and Aerospace Engineering Research Institute, Indonesia and School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Akhmad Fauzi Tambak Desa Dlanggu, Kecamatan Deket Kabupaten Lamongan, Jawa Timur, Indonesia

Abstract

Indonesia is an equatorial country located at latitudes less than 20 degrees covered by 77 % ocean with thousand islands, strain and many difference of topography. Most of areas are in the deep sea, OTEC is very compatible build in Indonesian. As OTEC releases a large amount of warm sea water after evaporating ammonia to rotate the turbine, the discharge warm water may be used for shrimp cultivation. This paper discussed on potential of Discharge Warm Water of 2MW closed cycle of OTEC for Shrimp Cultivators in Siberut Island, Sumatera Barat-Indonesia. Siberut Island has a hot and humid tropical rainforest climate, with an annual rainfall of 4,000 mm with temperatures range 22 - 31 0C and humidity averages 81-85%. It was founded that the Siberut island has potential OTEC due to the gradient temperature more than 20 0C. The electricity and fresh water generated by the OTEC are more promising to be applied in the island. The discharge warm water from 2MW OTEC is potential to irrigate 1.01 km2 of extensive, 0.459 km2 of semi intensive and 0.389 of intensive shrimp farms. The economic impact generated from shrimp farm is US$ 3.4 million per year

Published
Jan 18, 2019
How to Cite
KOTO, J; FAUZI, Akhmad. Vannamei Shrimp Cultivators using Discharge Warm Water of 2 MW OTEC in Siberut, Sumatra Barat, Indonesia. International Journal of Environmental Research & Clean Energy, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 1, p. 5-12, jan. 2019. ISSN 2502-3888. Available at: <http://isomase.org/Journals/index.php/ijerce/article/view/111>. Date accessed: 06 july 2020.